Front: Maryland, the South’s first casualty 1861-1865, Maryland, liker her sister sovereign State Virginia, had strong feelings for the Union as originally established under Law and the Constitution. Fort Sumter was surrendered on April 13, 1861. The 16th President called for 75,000 troops to invade the South on April 14. To the shock and dismay of Marylanders, on April 19, thirty-give rail cars of foreign troops arrived in Baltimore. The 6th Massachusetts Regiment was first to arrive at President Street Station. To proceed further, a change of trains was required. As elements of the Regiment began their march down Pratt Street to Camden Street Station, angry citizens packed the street and
Back: sought to oppose the progress of the troops. The undisciplined troops fired into the angry mobs of citizenry, killing women and children. By April 20th, foreign Militia Troops were advancing through Maryland, in spite of please not to violate sovereign soil. By April 27, Brig. Gen. Ben Butler and the 8th Massachusetts established the “Military Department of Annapolis”. Soon Maryland became an occupied military district under Military rule. Prominent citizens, State Legislators, Mayors, State employees and anti-occupation citizens were summarily arrested and placed into Military Prisons. Maryland’s sovereignty was thus crushed becoming the South’s first casualty.