The martial banner first used by Brig. General Christopher Gadsden (1724-1805) and the 1st South Carolina Regiment during the First War for Independence, 1775-1783.
Gadsden was a successful and influential Charleston, South Carolina businessman and Statesman. He was an early advocate of Independence and engaged in the creation of South Carolina Constitution. Elected Governor in 1782 he refused to serve on grounds of ill health but remained actively involved in state affairs opposing states consolidation.
The American Timber Rattler became a popular symbol during the days of our War for Independence from England. It is only found in North America, desires not to be disturbed, does not strike without warning or provocation and when it strikes it can be fatal. It therefore typified the attitude of the American Patriot.