Understanding the War Between the States is a supplemental booklet by 16 writers that enables a more complete and truthful study of American history among young but diligent and inquisitive students in Middle School, teenage students in High School, young men and women in College and adults beyond those years. Consisting of 40 concise chapters, beginning with the Colonial era of North America, moving to the Revolution and the establishment of the United States of America, it proceeds into westward expansion to the Pacific Ocean. But at that point in American history the northern cultures and southern cultures clash in a horrific political sectional contest over how powerful should be the country’s Federal Government. The consequence is political sectionalism in the Northern States, giving rise to the Republican Party and the election of Abraham Lincoln and Republican governors throughout the Northern states. Secession of 7 southern states takes place, President Lincoln contrives a pretext for launching a war of subjugation and conquest against the non-Republican southern States. After 4 years of horrific war, even “total war.” the Federals prevail. A process of political reconstruction ensues, a process for the Federal Government to become all-powerful is launched and the limited government promised by the American Revolution is lost to memory. State Rights declines into a faint memory of days long ago, everywhere, North South and West. In only 88 pages, our Society has produced the most concise, complete and readable history that has ever been created for the purpose of imparting a truthful understanding of the War Between the States.
Section One: How to Make This Booklet Your Personal Adventure.
Chapter 1 — Your Starting Line and a Personal Navigation Strategy.
Section Two: The Evolution of Two Cultures — North and South — From 1607 to 1860.
Chapter 2 — Origins of the Northern and Southern Cultures, 1600s and 1700s, by Clyde N. Wilson of S. C., Ph. D.
Chapter 3 — The First American War for Independence, by Vance Caswell of N. C.
Chapter 4 — Thirteen Free and Independent States Join in a Constitution; George Washington Presides Over the New Common Government; Alexander Hamilton Has an Agenda and Thomas Jefferson Disagrees, 1783-1800, by Clyde N, Wilson of S. C., Ph.D.
Chapter 5 — The Virginia Dynasty: Spectacular Growth of the Union of States, 1801-1824, by Clyde N. Wilson of S. C., Ph.D.
Chapter 6 — Expansion and Conflict of the Northern and Southern Cutures to 1860, by Clyde N. Wilson of S. C., Ph.D/
Chapter 7: Westward Expansion to the Pacific and Efforts by Two Cultures to Control Political Power, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 8: Southerners Found the Texas Republic, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Section Three: African Americans in the Southern Culture.
Chapter 9: African-American Bondage in World Perspective, by Vance Caswell of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 10: More on Americans of African Descent, by Barbara Marthal of Tennessee., S. I. S. H.
Chapter 11: Characteristics of the African American People During the 1850’s, by Les Tucker of Oklahoma., S.I.S.H.
Section Four: The Rise of Political Sectionalism in the Northern States — Inciting Secession.
Chapter 12: The Mexican War, Expansion to California and the “Compromises of 1850,” by Egon Richard Tausch of Texas, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 13: Understanding the Conflict between the North and South over the Role of the Federal Government in the Economy, by Clyde N. Wilson of S. C., Ph.D., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 14: Uncle Tom’s Cabin, the Anti-Slavery Movement in the Northern States and the Necessity of Understanding the Divergent Passions for Exclusionism, Deportationism and Abolitionism, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 15: Bleeding Kansas, the Emigrant Aid Societies and John Brown — a Story of Political Prejudice, Terrorism and Propaganda, Pitting the Northern against the Southern Culture, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 16: The Rise of Political Sectionalism in the Northern States, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Section Five: The War Between the States, Including State Secession, President Lincoln’s Response, Four Years of War, The POW Story and the African American Story.
Chapter 17: The Nature of the Union and the Right of State Secession, by Clyde N. Wilson of S. C., Ph.D., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 18: The Secession of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, the Birth of the Confederate States of America and the Election of Jefferson Davis, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 19: The Response to Secession by President Lincoln and the Republican Governors of the Northern States — Their Fort Sumter “First Shot Strategy” to Launch the Subjugation of Democrat Border States and Proceed with the Invasion, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 20: In Response to Lincoln’s War Proclamation, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas Secede, and the Civilized Native American Nations Choose Sides, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 21: Federal Military Occupation of the Border States, 1861-1865, by Clyde N. Wilson of S. C., Ph.D., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 22: Fourteen Battles in Four Years of War, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 23: Abraham Lincoln: Fact and Fiction, by Vance Caswell of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 24: Comparing the Two Armies with Regard to Size, Leadership, Resourcefulness, Materiel, Commitment, etc., by Steve Litteral of Illinois, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 25: The Federal War against Southern Civilians, by Karen Stokes of S. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 26: Pondering Why Slaves Refrained from Attacking Owners Families, by Patrick J. Kealey of Calif., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 27: The Story of African American Support of Confederate Forces and, during 1863-65, of those Inducted into Federal African American Regiments, by Earl L. Ijames of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 28: The Sufferings of the Prisoners of War and Why it Happened, by Karen Stokes of S. C., S.I.S.H.
Section Six: After the Conquest – Consequences of Political Sectionalism and Horrific War.
Chapter 29: The Cost of the War in Lives Lost and Families Shattered, by William Cawthon of Alabama, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 30: The Cost of the War in Financial Terms, by Joseph Stromberg of Georgia, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 31: The Cost of the War in the Northern States – They also Lost Their State Rights, by Steve Litteral of Illinois, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 32: Political Reconstruction in Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri, by Joyce Bennett of Maryland, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 33: Political Reconstruction in the Defeated States, by Egon Richard Tausch of Texas, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 34: How Political Reconstruction Affected the Lives of the African American People and the Native American People, by Gail Jarvis of Georgia, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 35: How Political Reconstruction Affected the Lives of the White Southern People, by Gail Jarvis of Georgia, S.I.S.H.
Section Seven: Discussion Subjects and Concluding Information.
Chapter 36: “Recapping the Big Puzzle”: Simply Understanding Why the War Between the States Was Not “About” Slavery, by Paul C. Graham of S. C., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 37: What If Bonded African Americans (Slaves) had Benefitted from Gradual Emancipation with Training and Freedom from Political Agendas?, by Barbara G. Marthal of Tennessee, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 38: What was the War Between the States All About?, by H. V. Traywick, Jr. of Virginia, S.I.S.H.
Chapter 39: How and Why to Study History, by Clyde N. Wilson of S. C., Ph. D., S.I.S.H.
Chapter 40: Thanks to Our Authors and Our Encouragement to Student Readers, by Howard Ray White of N. C., S.I.S.H.
Appendix 1: Our List of Society Members Who Wrote this Work and a Bit about Each.
Appendix 2: Resources for Further Study and for Validation of the Histories Presented Herein, by Dr. Clyde N. Wilson and Howard Ray White, S.I.S.H.