Recent data estimates one million deaths resulted from the War of Subjugation waged by the 16th President of the United States upon the South. The greater battleground of that war was the Commonwealth of Virginia. Not only would Virginia lose thousands of her sons to combat and disease, but thousands of innocents perished from brutality, hunger and disease also. Additionally, the Commonwealth was torn asunder in violation of Article IV. Section 3. of the U.S. Constitution which the aforesaid President was sworn to uphold. With so many of her sons in service the Union Army supplied sufficient votes for the political expediency of the creation of the new State: West Virginia. This answers the question of how and why so many western counties of Virginia were lost while their populations were solidly with the Confederacy.
This book is about one small town that began the war within the borders of Virginia and ended it in West Virginia. Like many of the West Virginia counties that formed the eastern border of the new state, the people of Hampshire County were overwhelmingly Confederate. Romney, the county seat, endured military conflict, enemy occupation, and economic hardship through four year of war. Its male citizens became members of Confederate military organizations, while its civilians witnessed enemy soldiers garrison the town and fortify the hills. Confederate Rangers, conventional forces and guerrillas staged numerous raids and ambushes on the Union occupiers, with Romney changing hands many times. It has been calculated that opposing forces moved through Romney sixty times while holding the town for a minimum of one day or more occurred only nine times.
When the war ended and the town’s Confederate sons came home, they were part of a state whose government supported the yankees. Later when Union veterans became eligible for federal pensions and Confederate veterans received pensions from their state governments, West Virginia refused to recognize their Confederate Service. Sadly, they lost the war a second time.